International Influence

UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods

In order to ensure consistency between all of the regulatory systems across the globe, the United Nations Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC) developed the UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Transport of Dangerous Goods.  This group developed mechanisms for the global harmonization for transport conditions in all modes. 

The group is responsible for the UN Model Regulations, which aim to present a basic scheme of provisions that will allow uniform development of national and international regulations govering the various modes of transport; yet they remain flexible enough to accomodate any special requirements that might have to be met.  It is expected that governments, intergovernmental organizations and other international organizations, when revising or developing regulations for which they are responsible, will conform to the principles laid down in these Model Regulations, thus contributing to worldwide harmonization in this field.

DGAC actively participates on behalf of its members as a Non Governmental Organization (NGO). 


UN Sub-Committee of Experts on the Globally Harmonized System (GHS)

Given the reality of the extensive global trade in chemicals and the need to develop national programs to ensure their safe use, transport and disposal, it was recognized that an internationally-harmonized approach to classification and labelling would provide the foundation for such programs. Once countries have consistent and appropriate information on the chemicals they import or produce in their own countries, the infrastructure to control chemical exposures and protect people and the environment can be established in a comprehensive manner.

The new system is called "Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (GHS)", addresses classification of chemicals by types of hazard and proposes harmonized hazard communication elements, including labels and safety data sheets. It aims at ensuring that information on physical hazards and toxicity from chemicals be available in order to enhance the protection of human health and the environment during the handling, transport and use of these chemicals. The GHS also provides a basis for harmonization of rules and regulations on chemicals at national, regional and worldwide level, an important factor also for trade facilitation.

In order to ensure consistency between all these regulatory systems, the United Nations has developed mechanisms for the harmonization of hazard classification criteria and hazard communication tools (GHS).

DGAC actively participates on behalf of its members as a Non Governmental Organization (NGO). 


 

ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel

Dangerous goods are carried regularly and routinely by air all over the world. To ensure that they do not put an aircraft and its occupants at risk, there are international Standards that each State, under the provisions of the Chicago Convention, is required to introduce into national legislation. This system ensures governmental control over the carriage of dangerous goods by air and gives worldwide harmonization of safety standards.

Annex 18 deals with the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air and sets down board principles; one of the Standards, however, requires that dangerous goods be carried in accordance with the Technical Instructions for the Safe Transport of Dangerous Goods by Air (the “ICAO Technical Instructions). States are required by Annex 18 to have inspection and enforcement procedures in place to ensure that dangerous goods are being carried in compliance with the requirements.

The Technical Instructions contain a comprehensive set of requirements; among other things, they provide for the classification of dangerous goods and list these goods.

DGAC has observer status on the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel and regularly attends the ICAO DGP Meetings.


Sub-Committee on Carriage of Cargoes and Containers (CCC)

This Sub-Committee deals with the carriage of packaged dangerous goods, solid bulk cargoes, bulk gas cargoes, and containers. It maintains and updates the International Maritime Dangerous Goods (IMDG) Code, the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code and the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code). Of these codes, the most important to the broad DGAC membership is the IMDG Code.  This two volume set of international regulations closely follows the UN Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods but, in addition, covers such vessel-related issues as stowage and segregation on various types of vessels and the packing and use of cargo transport units (CTUs).

Amendments to the IMDG Code originate from two sources: proposals submitted directly to IMO by Member States and NGOs, and amendments required to take account of changes to the United Nations Recommendations on the Transport of Dangerous Goods which sets the basic requirements for all the transport modes.

DGAC actively participates as an accredited NGO on this Sub-Committee as well as its Editorial and Technical (E&T) Group on matters related to the IMDG Code.  

 


 

Sub-Committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR)


This Sub-Committee deals with all matters relating to pollution prevention and response which fall within IMO’s jurisdiction. Included in this broad range of activities is the development of regulations for the construction, equipment and operational requirements for ships carrying bulk liquid cargoes.  These ships are known as chemical tankers where the cargo is pumped on and off the vessel via hoses through a manifold.  Typical cargo quantity is 300 to 3000 cubic meters.  Vessel construction and transport are regulated by the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Dangerous Chemicals in Bulk (IBC Code).  One of the principal work items of the Sub-Committee is the evaluation of both safety and pollution hazards of chemicals as well as the development of appropriate transport requirements. The process includes safeguards for the protection of personnel handling these products aboard ships.  A major revision of the Code is nearly complete and is expected to come into force in 2021.


DGAC actively participates as an accredited NGO on this Sub-Committee as well as its Working Group on the Evaluation of Safety and Pollution Hazards of Chemicals.